Condensation: Fog forms when moist air near the ground cools and reaches its dew point, causing water vapor to condense into tiny water droplets.
Radiation Fog: Occurs on clear, calm nights when the ground loses heat through radiation, cooling the air near the surface and forming fog.
Advection Fog: Forms when warm, moist air moves horizontally over a cooler surface, causing the air to cool and condense into fog.
Upslope Fog: Develops as moist air is lifted along an elevated terrain, cooling and condensing into fog on the windward side of hills or mountains.
Evaporation (Steam) Fog: Forms when cold air passes over a warm water surface, causing water vapor to rise and condense into fog.
Freezing Fog: Similar to regular fog, but the water droplets freeze upon contact with cold surfaces, creating icy or frosty conditions.
Valley Fog: Common in valleys during cool, calm nights, as cool air settles near the valley floor and forms fog.
Ice Fog: Occurs in extremely cold conditions when water vapor freezes directly into ice crystals, creating a foggy appearance in frigid air masses.
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