Weather conditions in a given area are affected by air masses, which are big masses of air that have consistent temperature and humidity.
Air masses are classified according to their origin areas, which might be either coastal or continental, or even polar or tropical.
Changes in the local weather are caused by movements in the air, specifically by collisions and interactions between air masses.
Cold fronts and warm fronts are examples of boundary air masses that indicate possible weather changes.
As cold fronts go through, the weather often becomes much colder, with gusty winds and the chance of thunderstorms.
Gradual temperature rises, air lifting, and prolonged precipitation are all characteristics of warm fronts.
During stationary fronts, the weather remains mostly unchanged for an extended period of time, which can cause clouds and precipitation to be present.
When a cold front moves quicker than a warm front, it causes the front to occlude, creating complicated weather patterns that affect air temperature, precipitation, and winds.
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